Why is it important?

Being able to hear the individual sounds within a word will help students be able to figure out unfamiliar words by chunking them into sections – or beats. For example, when sounding out the word “satin” a child would be able to separate it into syllables – sat and in. Being aware of each phoneme in a word, which is the very smallest unit of sound within the word, will later help in decoding other words with similar sounds. For example, if Michael knows what sound the ”m” makes in his name he is more likely to know the first sound in the word “mat”. Phonological awareness will also help students determine rhyming words. If a child is able to hear the an sound in the word can it will be easier for them to figure out pan as a rhyming words.

It is for these reasons, and many more like them, that phonological awareness is so important. It is one of helpful ways to determine a student’s future reading achievements.