Development

Motivation develops based on how a person views their ability to complete tasks. Someone who sees that the outcome of a completed task is due to the amount of effort they put into the task is probably going to put in more effort next time. When they have confidence in their abilities, they are more likely to take on the challenge of a task. Their motivation and effort will also increase when they have positive feelings about themselves. However, when a person doubts themselves and their abilities, they will put forth less effort and have less motivation. They are also more likely to blame the poor outcome on their lack of ability instead of their effort and are less likely to try similar tasks in the future. We call this self-efficacy,  “One’s belief about one’s capabilities to accomplish a goal, and of the various actions accomplishing that goal requires” (Motivation PowerPoint). This theory is likely to cause a cycle of either increased motivation or decreased motivation. When a child attributes their success to the amount of effort they put into the task, they are likely to be more motivated to continue putting forth effort and will therefore continue to excel. We call this motivation to continue a task volition. Those who attribute their failure to their abilities are likely to doubt themselves and are less likely to put forth effort in the future.